Science fiction authors have imagined a future where Man would be helped, cared. New technologies lead to birth of the human enhancement. This future, which seemed utopian a few years ago, is fast approaching, particularly with the development of smart medical devices and nanotechnologies. Recently, researchers at Tel Aviv University created a remotely controllable organic patch that can repair damaged heart tissue.
While some smart medical objects are for purely personal use in the field of well-being (diet monitoring, sports activity, fitness assessment), other devices are part of a patient’s medical management strategy (treatment management, heart rate, blood glucose measurements, etc.). This surveillance and personalized medicine requires the collection of personal data for which the question of confidentiality is raised. Indeed, medical data, due to its sensitive nature and its market value on the Dark Web are highly coveted by criminals. For example, in 2014, attackers stole more than 4.5 million personal data belonging to patients in American community health systems.
The interconnection between information systems and health systems also generates new risks for medical data. This is a risk not to be overlooked given that in 2020, there will be nearly 161 million connected medical objects. The safety of infrastructures and medical devices is therefore an absolute priority.