In April 2018, hackers successfully hacked into NASA’s network to steal data. They connected a Raspberry Pi to the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL). “The attacker extracted about 500 megabytes of data from 23 files”, including files related to the Mars Science Laboratory mission according to the Office of Inspector General document. The pirates had access to data on the Deep Space Network (DSN), a global network of antennas used by the space agency to send and receive information from spacecraft. More concretely, this means that the attackers have had access to data on missions that are still active at the moment.
The Office of Inspector General points out some shortcomings of NASA and the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, such as the lack of updating of the Information Technology Security Database (ITSDB). In 2018, the U.S. Department of Justice had already charged two Chinese nationals with hacking into some cloud-based providers, as well as NASA. According to the latter, the perpetrators of the piracy were part of the APT10 group, a government-backed unit.