With more than 14 billion connected objects currently circulating in the world, the integration of connected objects in Education appears to be a major challenge. Technology will play an essential role at the heart of our societies and in the new practices of future populations. This world of constant change will have no choice but to integrate these new technologies. In the schools of tomorrow, or in traditional schools, the Internet of Things is making its digital comeback. As the use of connected objects becomes more and more useful, the education system is beginning to make them a knowledge base, to see them as a means of awakening students from an early age or to facilitate the collection of school data. Whether their uses are internal to administrative systems or beneficial to learning in the classroom, connected objects respond to the new and growing challenges of education. In addition, the use of the Internet of Things promotes new methods of collaboration between students and better interactivity.
The classical learning taught by teachers is undergoing a significant evolution and the use of connected objects is a testimony to this. Today, in many classrooms, there are tablets, ebooks and robots. Teaching becomes more personalized and intuitive. While new technologies are an integral part of our society, integrating them into our educational system is proving to be beneficial for students. The use of robots is also becoming more and more popular. The start-up RobotLab thus offers its “NAO” robot as an assistant to teachers of mathematics, physics or programming. The evolution of learning is also observed with the appearance of connected tables. In January 2018, Samsung launched “Flip”, a connected interactive whiteboard for classrooms. The latter allows for better collaboration between students and the teacher. In addition, four people can write simultaneously with their fingers or a special pen.
The applications of the Internet of Things are thus diverse. In particular, teacher attendance monitoring has been revolutionized. A young high school student invented a digital capsule system connected to a mobile application that allows a teacher to know, via his smartphone, if the students are present. If a student is absent, an SMS or e-mail is sent to the parents after 10 minutes to inform them of his absence. Still in connection with the collection of student data, and in order to enable better management of school life, the start-up NewSchool has set up cards connected using a QR code called “Sesame”. Professors to consult the student profile can scan the latter. In addition, they also make it easy to borrow books from the library.
The Internet of Things is also designed to reduce energy costs in schools. Smart building – the integration of connected devices into buildings – also concerns school buildings. The Internet of Things thus allows a better cost optimization. To this end, Vertuoz by Engie has equipped 140 Parisian schools with a class heating control solution. In addition, temperature, presence and CO2 sensors are installed. The implementation of the Internet of Things at the heart of schools appears to be necessary to optimize energy costs.
Education is a key sector in the application and awareness of technologies among the population. The exploitation of school data and new pedagogies directly affect the new problems to which we must adapt. Proper use of these technologies taught from an early age remains the best way to raise public awareness about the safety of these new practices. Although the integration of connected objects remains progressive, it will prove essential at the heart of school buildings and in the redesign of learning. Much more than changing our learning practices, our lifestyles will evolve under the aegis of new technologies, including those whose connected objects are at the forefront.