By 2025, 58% of the population will be living in urban areas. Faced with the challenges of mass urbanization and the consequences it will have, cities are going “green”. Connected objects – however many they may be – are already playing an important role in helping cities make the ecological transition. Many initiatives are emerging in the heart of cities and make everyday objects intelligent and more useful to citizens. Air quality and recycling are recurring themes that apply in cities. Today we are talking about connected bins, intelligent recycling and garbage collection in line with human needs. Among all these initiatives, most of which combine the Internet of things connected to the city, we find the challenge of managing waste through connected recycling.
In June 2018, a Taiwanese startup launched a waste management solution combining the Internet of Things and Blockchain technology. This solution aims to reduce management costs and resources for garbage collection. The TWO IoT solution will develop sensors capable of measuring the filling rate of refuse bins. They will be placed in garbage bins, offices or airports. In addition, they will communicate via Wi-Fi or Narrow Band IoT to analyze the collected data.
Not only Asian municipalities are interested in this market. Connected waste bins are increasingly appearing in Europe and particularly in France, particularly in the cities of Colombes and Paris. The city of Colombes has installed connected bins capable of providing certain information (state of wear, filling, etc.). The latter are powered by solar energy.
The ecological transition is based on information and communication technologies. Some startups choose to sort. The start-up Terranova has developed “Cliiink”, another sorting solution integrated at collection points. In turn, sensors can measure the amount of waste. Individuals are immediately notified by telephone via an application. Municipal services are also notified.
The role of the Internet of Things is therefore particularly promising in the future of the ecological transformation of cities and more broadly of societies that are moving towards green. The management of cities and growing urbanization is reflected in good waste management accompanied by new technologies.